liposuction, cool  sculpting, non surgical, surgical, non invasive

Liposuction is simply known as the surgical removal of excess fat from the body. This fat removal procedure which became popular in the 1980s removes excess fat through a cannula used in suctioning excess fat from the body by a certified surgeon who sculptures a slimmer body contour.  Liposuction has over the years been one of the top cosmetic procedures effectively and permanently reducing fat and refining the body contour.
However in recent years, non-surgical or minimally invasive alternatives to liposuction are becoming popular and widely accepted due to their non-surgical nature as they do not require the use of surgical tools, there is no need for anaesthesia or incisions plus the great advantage of having less side risks and effects. Because there is no suction involved in this procedure, words such as laser lipolysis, cryolipolysis or body contouring are referred to as non-surgical liposuction.
 Liposuction without surgery uses various techniques to carry out fat removal such as laser energy, radiofrequency, ultrasound or cryolipolysis.
Although this non-invasive lipo is becoming widely sought after, liposuction produces more dramatic results as it is more effective in removing fat in the abdomen, legs, arms, back, neck and face compared to liposuction although it costs more and has a longer recovery period. Non-surgical lipo treatments use different methods to remove unwanted fat cells such as:
This is a technique for using cryogenics to reduce fat with final results usually seen after three months. The fat tissue is cooled above freezing point causing localized cell death and inflammation, an example of this treatment commonly used is called coolSculpting. CoolSculpting uses the cryolipolyisis technique to freeze the unnecessary fat cells to a point of death and when these cells die, they are removed from the body days and weeks after the surgery. This procedure freezes only the unwanted fat without affecting the surrounding tissues.
This laser light is usually used on a low level to reduce the stability of fat cell membranes, prompting these cells to flush their stores of fat without destroying the cell. Because the fat is released into the extracellular gap, exercise especially cardio is usually encouraged after the procedure usually with adequate hydration.  A popular non-invasive treatment using laser light is Zerona with results seen in days or at most weeks. Zerona uses laser to aim at fat cells at the surface, prompting these fat cells to leak out and flushed from the body system thereby shrinking the fat cells.

This technique works by producing an interchanging current which produces an electric field over the skin. This causes a change in the alignment of the charged cells. An example of this treatment is the truSculpt. This treatment procedure uses measured radiofrequency to remove unwanted fat cells on areas like the abdomen, thighs, buttocks and hips. This procedure usually lasts an hour although most times, one or two treatments are needed to see visible results.
This focused thermal ultrasound technique works by increasing the tissue temperature above 56 °C, resulting in accidental death of fat cells with sparing of vessels and nerves. Passive heating of the skin may also induce collagen restoration.
Most non-surgical liposuction are  recommended for people happy with their overall weight but  still want fat removed in specific areas difficult to tone using diet and exercise.  Generally these non-surgical treatments reduce about 25% of fat and no more from the treated areas. They also come with minimal discomfort and are usually gentle during and after treatment. It also takes longer to see results from these fat reduction treatments compared to liposuction as the results become increasingly noticeable in weeks or months after the procedure but there are advantages such as less costs and risks of health complications compared to liposuction.
Non-surgical fat reduction may be a better option if you are already at your perfect weight, want to focus on smaller, stubborn trouble fat spots and have good skin elasticity although without dramatic results. Non-surgical Liposuction works very well in cases like these and has a high satisfaction rate. 
Lipo without surgery helps you finally get rid of unpleasant cellulite and stubborn fat deposits under your skin and shapes your body to perfection. In short, non-surgical lipo reshapes your body in those areas that are not responsive to diet and exercise alone.

Advantages of Lipo without Surgery
  • The volume of dissolved fat is very small so there are smoother cosmetic results
  • Your body suffers minimal swelling and bruising, so there is rapid healing even though you’ll probably feel some soreness
  • Because these treatments involve no anaesthesia ,there are no sedation side effects and a reduced procedure time
  • These new non-surgical liposuction procedures are usually less costly and thus more affordable.
It is also necessary to note that
·         Because the subcutaneous fat is dissolved gradually, it is necessary to have several treatment sessions in order to achieve the same results as with conventional liposuction.
·         The number of session you will require for fat removal depends on how much fat you have in the problem areas.
 Non-surgical lipo generally uses different techniques to remove unwanted fat from the body system all without damaging your skin’s protective layer.
Non-Surgical Liposuction Treatments
 These are some of the various treatments using different non-surgical techniques to eliminate fat removal. The following are brief descriptions of treatments currently available
·         Zerona - Zerona is popularly known as the first non-invasive body contouring procedure to effectively eliminate excess fat without the negative side effects accompanied with surgical procedures.
  • Liposonix Ultrasound - The LipoSonix treatment uses minimally-invasive high-intensity focused ultrasound to remove excess fat around your waistline. Results for this treatment are usually seen in 8 to 12 weeks.
  • i-lipo - Body Contouring – This  is a new revolutionary system that uses low level laser light for smoothing cellulite, fat reduction, and body shaping treatments. It stimulates the body's natural process for flushing stored content in the adipose cells.
  • Accent Body Contouring - Accent body contouring is a non-invasive skin tightening treatment using advanced radio-frequency technology. This thermotherapy stimulates the production of new collagen and improves skin surface texture.
  • Exilis Skin Tightening - Exilis uses focused high frequency technology to reshape appearances by reducing wrinkles in just four to six comfortable treatment sessions. This aesthetic device delivers highly controlled, volumetric heating to cell tissues for measurable cosmetic results.
  • Velashape II - VelaShape II is a non-invasive medical solution for circumferential and cellulite reduction.
  • Cellulaze Anti-Cellulite Treatment - This is a minimally invasive, laser-assisted procedure focusing on the structural problems beneath the skin that cause cellulite. It increases your skin's natural thickness for a smoother, healthier look that lasts.
  • Thermage - Thermage is a safe, non-invasive, radiofrequency cosmetic procedure to help smooth, tighten and contour skin for a total younger looking appearance.
·         Cool Lipo – This is an advanced form of laser liposuction removing pockets of fat from specific areas of the body while also tightening surrounding skin. The laser and wavelength technology breaks up and thins out fat so it can be easily removed from the body; the liposuction treatment also focuses on water and contracts collagen to keep your skin firm. . A similar technology is sold under the name Smartlipo. In CooLipo, the side effect of majority of its patients includes mild bruising, swelling and pain. These side effects can be relieved with the use of ice and pain medication. Most of the side effects resolve within a couple of weeks, although the swelling could take up to three months to go down. More serious risks associated with CoolLipo include infection, bleeding and allergic reaction to anaesthesia.

There are currently 3 treatment methods with FDA approval for non-surgical fat removal – Zerona, Liposonix and Zeltiq (coolsculpting). Their efficacy has been proven with very good studies evaluating their uses by potential patients. Other treatments that help eliminate fat that don’t have a specific FDA fat clearance are the radiofrequency devices such as Exilis, Trusculpt, Apollo, Velashape etc.
What Is CoolSculpting?
CoolSculpting is a non-surgical procedure approved by FDA in 2010 that uses a handheld tool to accurately freeze and eliminate fat below the surface of the skin. The technology behind coolSculpting arose from the study of the effects of freezing temperatures on the body; this extreme cold affects fat cells in a way that leads to improved body contours. This non-invasive method is used for treating specific difficult areas of fat that are resistant to diet and exercise but not intended for substantial weight loss. Common treatment locations include the arms, abs, back love handles and underneath the chin. 
CoolSculpting is aimed at body contouring, not significant weight loss. Perfect candidates for this treatment are men and women within 20 pounds of their ideal weight who exercise and eat healthy diets because in some cases no matter how intense your workout or strict your diet is, you can't seem to eliminate stubborn fat in some areas.
In simplest terms, CoolSculpting is a non-surgical procedure that freezes excess fat cells, causing them to die and gradually be removed by the body.
CoolSculpting is an option for removing minor additions of excess fat in the abdominal area. It is not suitable for larger accumulations of fat, such as from obesity, weight gain during pregnancy, or patients who are more than 20 pounds overweight. Men liposuction can also be performed with this non-invasive procedure, the best candidates are men who are actually in ideal shape but have stubborn pockets of fat, hard to eliminate in the love handles or central abdomen or even in both areas.  In cases like this, Liposuction without surgery such as CoolSculpting works very well and has a high satisfaction rate. 
CoolSculpting works by scientifically freezing away fats that are subsequently flushed from the body.  These Fat cells are frozen at higher temperatures than surrounding tissues therefore precisely targeting fat cells beneath the skin, and then cooled to temperatures that trigger their natural death. CoolSculpting technology uses the process known as Cryolipolysis to result in the treated fat cells becoming frozen and actually die without damage to skin, nerves or other surrounding tissue.
Over time as the treated fat cells shrink and die, your body naturally absorbs them, eliminating these dead cells, and leaving a more sculpted body. Unlike with exercise or diet where the fat cells are temporarily reduced in size, with CoolSculpting once the treated fat cells are gone, they're gone for good. Also you can expect to gradually lose 20 to 30% of fat in the treated area after just one session and results are generally noticeable in three months or less.
When the freezing technology of CoolSculpting is used on areas of excess fat, the treated fat cells are crystallized, turned into dead cells, naturally absorbed and permanently flushed by the body, leaving a more toned and sculpted body.
What Are the Side Effects of CoolSculpting?
 CoolSculpting is generally very safe when performed by a qualified provider. The typical minor side effects include, minor bruising, redness, numbness, discomfort or tingling, in the treated area. These side effects are temporary and should resolve quickly on their own.
CoolSculpting is one the best non-surgical option to eliminate fat CoolSculpting is great for patients who only need a small reduction in fat or who are averse to more invasive procedures.
The most common side effects, all of which typically resolve within 1–3 weeks, are redness, swelling, and bruising. You may also experience reduced sensation in the treated area, but this is temporary. According to studies carried out, CoolSculpting poses no harm to the skin or muscle tissue so these minor side effects are fleeting.
Candidates suitable for CoolSculpting are:
  • Individuals with noticeable fat bulges in the abdominal area, such as the lower and love handle areas
  • People within a few pounds of  their ideal weight range
  • Not expecting instant results
  • Willing to maintain current weight and continuation with exercise and a healthy diet
  • Patients not suffering from the circulatory disorder known as Raynaud’s syndrome

It is also important to note that CoolSculpting does not work to improve cellulite. This is because cellulite is not so much about the increase of fat, but rather about how the fat gets deposited in the primary support structure of skin on the thighs.
CoolSculpting is one of the methods used for the removal of unwanted fat in the body system, however there are other different techniques used in non-surgical lipo such as the radio frequency, ultrasound, low level laser light and cryolipolysis which is the technique used in CoolSculpting.
There are various choices to pick from the fat reducing technologies.  This makes it difficult to know what treatment will give you the result you desire. This analysis can be based on the side effects, the complication risks, permanent or non-permanent fat removal, whether it is minimally invasive or non- surgical, recovery time, comfort, anaesthesia etc. 
The next page shows the infographic chart outlining the comparison between the Non-surgical liposuction methods.

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